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Preparing for Your... 

Initial Public Offering

An Interview with Harvard Capital Group.


Pros and Cons of an IPO

How to Get the Best Valuation

How to Get a Top Prospectus

The IPO Process

What is the Target Profile

How to Get Started



Pros and Cons of Going Public


CEO:  I've been thinking about doing an Initial Public Offering. Are there alternatives?


HCG:  Going public has pluses and minuses. First, we need to explore why you want to do an IPO. There might be some other ways to solve the problem. For example, if you need more cash, long-term debt is sometimes cheaper (but riskier). If you need non-cash resources, a merger, acquisition, or joint venture might be best. If an IPO is best, we can help position you to get the best valuation.


CEO:  What are the advantages of an IPO?


HCG:  Public offerings are great if you want shareholder liquidity to diversify your wealth. It can also bring cash into the company for expansion. Being public also makes customers feel more comfortable that you are finally a mature, stable company. It makes it easier to use stock options to attract key employees. You can even use the "funny money" of stock certificates to acquire other companies without cash.


CEO:  So why doesn't everybody go public?


HCG:  There are some disadvantages too. It puts you in the fishbowl. Everything you do becomes public record: your salary, your strategic alliances, and your profit and losses. A lot of time is spent on SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) reporting regulations, and handholding shareholders. Also, in some cases, the company just hasn't positioned itself to get the best valuation.

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Best Valuation


CEO:  How can I improve the valuation?

HCG:  For the best valuation, get started at least a year (or more!) in advance of your IPO. We call it "Pre-IPO Housekeeping." It starts with working toward diversified, positive sales growth, and profitability. We need to get you in shape to have three years of clean audits.


How about your capital structure? We need to have an appropriate number of issued and authorized shares, and to get rid of Preferred Stock. Conflicts of interest involving parent or daughter companies have to be removed.


Let's shift your Board to include some well-known outsiders, and see how we can streamline management with some heavyweights. These things and others affect your valuation.


CEO:  How about going public via a reverse merger?


HCG:  Don't do it. A reverse merger is finding a defunct public company, and having it acquire you to go public. They do not create a market for your stock, the inherited shareholders are not bonded to your industry, there are potential unseen liabilities in the shell company, and there is a big stigma on these in Wall Street. If you want the best valuation, it has to go public in the proper way.

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The Black Book


CEO:  Okay, so after our housekeeping, what's next?


HCG:  The next step is preparing the "Black Book" that defines the company and its prospects. It allows us to flesh out how your company looks on paper, and to ensure that we have no contradictions in strategy or operations. These and other anomalies get flushed out in advance to yield the best possible valuation downstream. For many companies, writing the Black Book actually becomes the galvanizing force that leads to complete housekeeping.


The Black Book will later be used to allow the prospective underwriter to visualize how you will look in the final IPO, how to market you and what your prospects are. It is vital to prepare this before approaching an underwriter for your IPO. The universe of underwriters for any size company and industry is limited. You've got to get it right on the first visit.


CEO:  Why else is the Black Book important?


HCG:  The Pre-IPO Black Book does much more than impress investment bankers. It forms the foundation for the attorneys to draft the appropriate language for the Registration Statement (S-1) required by the SEC, and that forms the basic sales "brochure" to the public.


Remember that the Black Book is the vital link between the Company and the investor. As a marketing document, it must be concisely written, interesting, and with thematic focus. As a business document, it must be logically consistent so that marketing, production, organizational and financial policies hang together in a focused strategy. As an informational document, it must provide the necessary decisional information to allow an incoming investor to evaluate fully the merits of the prospective deal. As a legal document, it must contain full disclosures and an appropriate financial structure.


CEO:  Should attorneys write the Registration Statement?


HCG:  A Registration Statement has to be a sales brochure, a business plan, a full disclosure and a legal document all rolled into one. Too often, deals do not realize their full potential because the offering documents have lost their soul, and the reader is left to wonder why the company even exists.


The Harvard Capital Group understands this. We are specialists at putting your company in the best light, while making full disclosures and minimizing the legal downsides. We take pride in the fact that attorneys praise our work, and make only minor, if any, revisions in our output.


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Selecting an Underwriter


CEO:  How do we select the underwriter?


HCG:  There is no "best" underwriter. Some are better for Internet companies, others for manufacturing companies. Some are better for national deals, others for local brand names. Who is best at what is also somewhat dynamic, depending on latest successes and who is now working where. The Harvard Capital Group can help you target the right underwriter and set up an introductory meeting.  It is best to target well, and focus on that underwriter, or a small group of prospective underwriters.


A solid Black Book is essential for these early stages. It sets the first impressions and will determine whether they pull the plug, or take the next step. The Black Book will give them a good idea of the look and feel of the final Registration Statement, and will help everyone avoid surprises downstream.

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The IPO Process


CEO:  Once the underwriter is selected, what happens?


HCG:  Once the underwriter is selected, there will be an all hands meeting involving the Harvard Capital Group, your management team, along with your underwriter, attorney, and accountant. This meeting will be to divide the workflow to prepare the formal registration. This is where the Black Book we prepared will save a bundle of money, as most of the work will have already been done. The underwriter and your attorney will still need to undertake a "due diligence" to check out facts, or to reformat or add some sections.  But the Black Book already prepared has the potential to accelerate this process and save perhaps hundreds of billable attorney hours.


CEO:  What about the road shows?


HCG:  At some point, the Registration Statement has been filed and is about to be made effective by the SEC. Just prior to going public, you and your management team will travel around the country touting the merits of your company to key stockbrokers. Again, the Harvard Capital Group can help your team prepare for this effort.


In my earlier years, I was an officer in a publicly held corporation that was listed by the Wall Street Journal as among the top ten performing stocks in the U.S. Since my job was the strategic planning guru for the company, I also got pulled into doing the road shows. More recently, I've become an internationally recognized speaker, and have been featured in countless press interviews. Our team can help you condense the Black Book into a coherent audio-visual presentation to maximize your potential valuation.


CEO:  What happens after the road show?


HCG:  When the deal finally becomes effective, there is a short window of just a few days and the stock is sold. You are now public and your bank coffers are overflowing.


The Harvard Capital Group was there at each step to help you focus your company, and maximize its shareholder value. If the Black Book is implemented as planned, the valuations should stay high. And when you are ready for a merger or acquisition, we are ready for that too.

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Our Target Client Profile (for IPOs)


Entrepreneur:  What kinds of clients are you looking for?


HCG:  We do not accept all companies as clients.  Our ideal profile is defined below:


Product /Service

Is the product/service sufficiently differentiated from others to dominate its own niche?  Is there broad patent protection already in place or a first-mover advantage? 

Sales Growth

Are current revenues at least $5 million, with positive growth?  Is the company profitable?  Are the sales diversified amongst many customers?  Does a big-name accounting firm audit the financial statements? 

Quality Management

Is the management team both broad and deep?  Are some of the members from "home-run" companies that have hit the ball outside the stadium before? 

Clear Strategy

The Company should have a clear growth plan going forward, that is consistent with industry dynamics. 

Clean Structure

Is the Company structured properly without conflicts of interest with parent or daughter companies not under the umbrella going forward? Have any outstanding lawsuits -- particularly involving ownership of key intellectual property -- been settled and closed? Are privileged shareholders (such as holder of Preferred Stock) being converted to Common Stock prior to the offering? 


Company located in Western U.S.

Growth Industry

We can look at any industry, but prefer one of those below.



Consumer Distribution


Energy/Natural Resources 


Genetic Engineering 

Healthcare Services 

Industrial Products & Equipment 


Medical Devices 


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Getting Started


Entrepreneur:   How do we get started?


HCG:   If you want to take the next step, click here.  I suspect you want to act quickly.



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